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市北初级中学11届6班

大六班萌萌哒=3=

 
 
 

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7BU6知识点梳理二  

2013-06-08 18:41:47|  分类: 英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 9    The wind is blowing

知识点梳理:

I.          词组:

1.    

read the story about …

读有关的故事

2.    

the competition between A and B

AB之间的比赛

3.    

blow down

……吹到;刮倒

4.    

put sth in the correct order

按正确的顺序排列某物

5.    

on the blackboard

在黑板上

6.    

What kind of

哪种;哪类

7.    

find out

查明;找出真相

8.    

show one’s strength

展示某人的力量

9.    

in the end

最后;最终

10.      

learn from

……学习

11.      

show off

炫耀;卖弄

12.      

all the time

总是;一直

13.      

have a competition

进行一场比赛

14.      

stronger / bigger / smaller than

more beautiful / colourful than      

….更强壮/ 更大 / 更小

更漂亮 / 更颜色丰富

15.      

(not) as… as

e.g., (not) as strong as

    (not) as big as

    (not) as small as

    (not) as beautiful as

    (not) as colourful as

一样(不如)

  一样强壮     (不如强壮)

  一样大       (不如大)

  一样小       (不如小)

  一样漂亮     (不如漂亮)

  一样色彩丰富 (不如色彩丰富)

16.      

each other

相互

17.      

over there

在那里;在那边

18.      

get the coat off

把大衣脱掉

19.      

take off

脱掉大衣

20.      

in the shortest time

在最短的时间里

21.      

become angry / hot

变得生气/ 变热

22.      

begin to do sth

开始做某事

23.      

blow hard

猛烈地吹

24.      

hold the coat more tightly

更紧紧地抓住大衣

25.      

in the wind

在风中

26.      

feel tired / hot / sad

感到疲倦/ 感到热 / 感到悲伤

27.      

look disappointed

看起来很失望

28.      

shine brightly

照耀明亮

29.      

become warmer and warmer

变得越来越温暖

30.      

start doing sth (sweating / …)

开始做某事(开始流汗)

31.      

make sb do sth

  (make plants grow)

让某人做某事

  (让植物生长)

32.      

push boats forward

推动船只前进

33.      

teach sb how to make a kite

教某人怎样制作风筝

34.      

some pieces of coloured paper

一些彩纸

35.      

a reel of ring

一卷绳子

36.      

use sth to do sth

  = use sth for doing sth

用某物做某事

37.      

some thick sticks

一些细木棍

38.      

make a frame

制作一个框架

39.      

stick A onto B

A粘在B

40.      

put sth on the end

把某物系在末端

41.      

tie A to B

A系到B

42.      

the biggest (smallest / most beautiful / most colourful)

最大(最小/ 最漂亮/ 最颜色丰富)

43.      

fly from the trees

从树上飞舞下来

44.      

across the sky

穿越天际

45.      

high in the sky

高挂于天

46.      

flags flap

彩旗飘扬

47.      

near and far

忽近忽远

48.      

sailing boats

帆船

49.      

speed over the sea

急速划过海面

50.      

sway among the grass

在草丛中摇曳

51.      

move across the sky

在空中穿行

52.      

show dimples on one’s face

在某人的脸上露出酒窝

 

II. 词性转换:

1.         compete  v.竞争;对抗         competition  n.比赛

e.g.  We can compete with the best terms.

Let’s have a competition about water. I will ask the questions.

2.         strong  adj.强壮的            strength   n. 力量

e.g. He is strong enough to lift that rock.

    He hasn’t got enough strength to remove that stone.

3.         correct  adj. 正确的          *incorrect  adj.错误的;不正确的 

    *correction  n. 修正;改正

e.g., Your answer to the question is correct.

    Look carefully at my corrections in your essay.

4.         proud  adj. 骄傲的            *pride  n. 自大;骄傲;自豪

e.g. I’m proud that I’m the cheerleader of the school.

   He looked at his painting with pride.

5.         disappointed  adj. 感到失望的   *disappointing    adj. 令人失望的

e.g.  We are disappointed that you will not be able to come.

     It was disappointing to fail the examination, but you'd better work harder now.

6.         tired  adj. 感到疲倦的;累的    *tiring  adj.  令人疲倦的

e.g., Why do you look so tired this morning?

    This is a really tiring job, you know.

7.         sad  adj.  悲伤的;伤心的       sadly   adv. 伤心地;悲伤地

e.g. The news made her very sad.

    He went home very sadly.

8.         tight   adj. 紧紧地              tightly    adv. 紧紧地

e.g., These jeans are too short and tight. Do you have them in my size?

    When typhoon comes, people hold their coat tightly.

9.         bright  adj. 明亮的             brightly  adv. 阳光灿烂地;光线充足地;明亮地

e.g. The bright sun lit up the world.

   The garden is full of brightly coloured flowers.

10.     important  adj. 重要的           importance  n. 重要

e.g.  Firstly, let us deal with the important issue.

    Communication is of primary importance for them

11.     sweat   v. 出汗;流汗 n.      sweater  n. 毛线衫

e.g., They saw his face was white and sweating.

    She wore a sweater and jeans.

12.     final    adj.  最后的             finally   adv. 最后;最终

e.g., Finally, we arrived at the bus stop.

    Jacky did very well in Fianl exam.

13.     colour   n.   颜色 v. 上色   colourful  adj. 富于色彩的;花哨的

coloured  adj.  有颜色的

e.g., What colour did you paint the door?

    Many of them wore colourful national costumes.

    The cock has brighter coloured feathers than the hen.

14.     cross   v. 穿过                  across   adv.

e.g., Be careful when you cross the road.

    She came across the street carefully.

15.     sail    v. ()航行               sailing   adj. 航行的

*sailor   n.   水手

     e.g., He sailed the boat between the islands.

         Our sailing boat sped up.

         He was a sailor in the army.

16.     本单元中的出现的形容词与副词的比较级与最高级

原形

比较级

最高级

strong

stronger

the strongest

warm

warmer

the warmest

small

smaller

the smallest

short

shorter

the shortest

big

bigger

the biggest

beautiful

more beautiful

the most beautiful

colourful

more colourful

the most colourful

tightly

more tightly

the most tightly

17.     代词   

主格

宾格

反身代词

物主代词

形容词性

名词性

I

me

myself

my

mine

you

you

yourself

your

your

he

she

it

him

her

it

himself

herself

itself

his

her

its

his

hers

its

we

us

ourselves

our

ours

you

you

yourselves

your

yours

they

them

themselves

their

theirs

18.     本单元中动词的过去式

规则动词

不规则动词

look  ---  looked 看;看起来

is     --- was     

smile ---  smiled  微笑

meet   --- met     遇见;遇到

start  ---  started  开始

say    --- said    

like  ---  liked   喜欢

blow   --- blew   

 

become --- became  变得

 

can    --- could   能够

 

begin  --- began   开始

 

hold   --- held    抓住

 

feel   --- felt     感到;感觉起来

 

shine  --- shone   照耀

 

take   --- took    带去;拍照;脱掉

 

make  --- made    制作

III 重点语法

1.         形容词的比较级与最高级

1)   比较级与最高级的构成:

a)        规则变化:   

原形

比较级

最高级

small

smaller  

     (er)

smallest   

(est)

nice

nicer

    (e结尾的形容词加r)

nicest

   (e结尾的形容词加st)

happy

happier

    (辅音字母+y的形容词,去y, 再加ier)

happiest

(辅音字母+y的形容词,去y, 再加iest)

big

hot

thin

fat

red

sad

bigger

hotter

thinner

fatter

redder

sadder

    (形容词词尾有“辅元辅”现象,要双写最后字母,再加er)

biggest

hottest

thinnest

fattest

reddest

saddest

    (形容词词尾有“辅元辅”现象,要双写最后字母,再加est)

beautiful

colorful

more beautiful

more colorful

    (部分双音节及多音节的形容词,在词前加more)

most beautiful

most colorful

      (部分双音节及多音节的形容词,在词前加most)

b)      不规则变化:   

原形

比较级

最高级

many

much

more

most

good

well

better

best

bad

worse

worst

little

less

Least

2)  形容词比较级的句型构成:

a)   对象A+ 动词+ 比较级(有时加名词)+than + 对象B

     e.g., John is taller than Mary.

         Mary is more beautiful than Ann.

         John has more books than Mary.

b)  表示“越来越”单音节的形容词比较级+ and +单音节的形容词比较级

                    more and more + 部分双音节或多音节的形容词

e.g., Summer is coming. The weather is getting hotter and hotter.

    The boy grows taller and taller.

    She became more and more beautiful.

c)       much / even / a bit 可用来修饰比较级,但very 不可修饰比较级

e.g., I’m much better today.

    Her painting looks beautiful. Tom’s painting looks much more beautiful.

2)   形容词最高级的用法:

a)       常见句型:主语+动词+the+形容词最高级+ in / on / at /…+ 群体)

e.g., Tom is the best student in class.

They are the most expensive

Which watch is the cheapest?

(注意:形容词的最高级前必须加the.)

b)      其他用法:

e.g., The largest one is the cheapest.

The oldest student in her class is 73 years old.

Can you give me the prettiest dress?

Jane has the longest hair.

2.         同级比较:as…asnot as…as用法

1)       as + 形容词原形 + as 表示“AB一样……

e.g., This building is as beautiful as that of yours.

    His bedroom is as tidy as his old sister’s.

2)       否定词+as / so + 形容词原级+as, 表示“A不如B

e.g., He is not as tall as his father.

    It is not as hot as yesterday.

3.  名词性物主代词的用法

名词性物主代词= 形容词物主代词+ 名词,主要是为了避免重复使用名词

e.g., My bag is yellow, her bag is red, his bag is blue and your bag is pink.

        = My bag is yellow, hers is red, his is blue and yours is pink.

1)  作主语

e.g., May I use your pen? Yours work better.

2)  作宾语

e.g., I love my motherland as much as you love yours.

3)  作介词宾语

e.g., You should interpret what I said in my sense of the word, not in yours.

4)  作主语补语

e.g., The life I have is yours. It’s yours.

 

IV 语法点 / 句型

1.         I think Mr. Sun is stronger than Mr. Wind.

I think / hope/ know / guess / remember / guess + that 引导的宾语从句

e.g., I think (that) you can do it yourself.

I think (that) he has probably gone to Japan.

 注意:I think后如果跟否定句,将否定成分置于主句部分,即变为I don’t think结构。

 e.g., I don’t think (that) he is a good boy. 【正】

        I think (that) he isn’t a good boy.    【误】

2.         Did Mr. Wind and Mr. Sun become friends in the end?

in the end 表示“最后,终于”= finally / at last

e.g., Peter and Tom made up in the end.

    = Finally, Peter and Tom made up. / At last, Peter and Tom made up.

3.         He took off his coat.

take off 表示“脱下(衣服等)” (take – took - taken)

e.g., You can take off your coat after you go into your bedroom.

【反义】put on 表示“穿上;戴上”

e.g., The weather is cold. Don’t forget to put on your coat.

take off 表示“起飞”

e.g., The plane will take off in twenty minutes.

4.         He liked showing off his strength all the time.

1)        show off 表示“炫耀,卖弄”

e.g., She likes to show off her clothes and things.

2)        all the time 表示“总是,一直”,= always

e.g., I’ve kept on thinking about that all the time.

5.         People always think that we’re as strong as each other.

each other: 表示两者之间的“相互”

one other:  表示三者或三者以上之间的“相互”

e.g., We respect each other.

注意:1each other / one another均有所有格

          e.g., The know each other’s weak points.

      2)  each other / one another 为代词,可在及物动词之后直接用作宾语

          e.g., talk to each other / learn from one another

      3)  each other / one another 不可用作主语

          e.g., We know what each other / one another thinks. 【误】

6.         Soon his face became red.  / Mr Wind became very angry. / Mr. Wind became red again.

The man felt very hot.

Mr. Wind felt very tired and looked disappointed.

连系动词:become / get / go 等表示“变得”以及look / sound / smell / taste / feel 等感官动词,后面应加形容词,而不加副词。

e.g., The story sounds very ineresting.

    Mum, what are you cooking! It smells very nice!

7.         Today, I’m going to teach you how to make a kite.

疑问词+ 动词不定式作动词宾语

e.g., Can you tell me where to go.

    Do you know when to set off?

        Please tell me what to do next.

8.         To make a kite, you need some thin sticks, some pieces of colored paper and a reel of string.

动词不定式表示目的:

e.g., To answer this question, you need to do a survey first.

To find out the thief, the police searched nearly everywher.

 对动词不定式表目的,可用why提问

e.g., Why do you need to do a survey first?

9.         First, use some think sticks to make a frame.

Next, stick a piece of coloured paper onto the frame.

1)           stick 作为动词,表示“粘;贴”,stick – stuck – stuck

     e.g., They stuck the notice on the wall.

2)           stick 作为名词,表示“棍;棒”

e.g., Grandpa still walks without a stick.

10.     Finally, tie the frame to a reel of string.

“tie A to B”   表示“将A系在B上”

e.g., The robber tied him to a chair.

“tie A with B” 表示“用BA绑起来”

e.g., He tied the papers with string.

“tie A and B”  表示“将AB绑在一起”

e.g., Please tie this stick and the pencil together.

11.     Whose kite is the biggest?

Whose: 表示“谁的”,用于对物主代词(形容词物主代词和名词性物主代词)提问

e.g., This pen is mine.           --- Whose is this pen?

    My kite is the most beautiful. ---- Whose kite is the most beautiful?

12.     kites fly, rising and diving.

1)   rise vi. (不及物动词)表示“升起;上涨;起床;站立”(rise – rose – risen

e.g., A tall building rose before their eyes.

The Sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

raise vt. (及物动词)   表示“使升起;举起”(raise – raised – raised

e.g., His speech raised my interest.

2)  dive v/ n. 表示“跳水”

e.g., She dived into the river to save a drowning child.

    What a beautiful dive!

13.     Flags flap in the sky.

flap v.  表示“上下或左右”拍打 (flap – flapped -flapped)

e.g., I flapped the flies away but they flew back.

14.     Sailing boats lean and speed over the sea.

speed v. 表示“快速前进”(speed – sped - sped

e.g., Tom was fined for speeding.

    The ambulance sped to the hospital.

15.     Flowers bow and sway among the grass.

1)        among 表示三者或三者以上“在….中间”

e.g., They hid themselves among the trees.

The book is the best among the modern novel. (用于最高级的比较范围)

Paris is among the largest cities in the world.  (among 相当于one of)

2)        between 表示两者之间,其宾语往往是表示两者的名词或代词,或是由and连接的两个人或物

e.g., There was a fight between the two boys.

    I’m usually free between Tuesday and Thursday.

16.     Clouds slide and hide.

slide v. 表示(使)滑动;滑行(slide – sild- sild

e.g., The car slid into the river.

slide n. 表示“滑梯;幻灯片”

e.g., The children were taking turns on the slides on the playground.

 

 

 

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