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市北初级中学11届6班

大六班萌萌哒=3=

 
 
 

日志

 
 

7BU6知识点梳理  

2013-06-08 18:39:05|  分类: 英语 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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七年级第二学期牛津英语知识点梳理

 Unit 6-Unit 10

 

M2U6

 

start doing sth. = start to do sth.

开始做某事

begin doing sth. = begin to do sth.

make one’s nest in the tree

在树上筑巢

have (a lot of) fun

玩得开心

The holidays are coming / ending.

暑假就要来了/结束了。

have barbecues

野餐

look at the blackboard

看黑板

What does spring make you think of?

春天使你想到了什么?

Spring makes me think of outings.

春天使我想到了出游。

go outing

外出郊游

make sb. do sth.

逼迫某人做某事

make sth./sb. + (adj.)

使……(处于……状态)

It’s awful to walk in the wet and dirty streets.

走在又湿又脏的街上真是糟糕

It’s interesting to see butterflies flying around the flowers

看见蝴蝶在花丛中飞舞是很有意思的。

It’s nice/bad/fun to do sth.

做……是很好/不好/有趣的。

a hard-working ant

一个勤劳的蚂蚁

a lazy grasshopper

一个懒惰的蚱蜢

sing happily all the time = always sing happily

一直开心地唱歌

make a house under the grass

在草地底下搭房子

all summer

整个夏天

in the sun

在太阳底下,在阳光下

work harder

更努力工作

collect food

收集食物

take sth. into sp.

把……搬入某地

It’ll be very cold.

天气会非常寒冷。

It’ll be difficult to find any food.

到时就很难找到食物

Don’t be silly.

别傻了。

laugh at sb.

嘲笑某人

There will be …

将会有……

plenty of (否定:not enough)

大量的

at last = in the end = finally

最终

stay in one’s warm house

呆在某人温暖的屋子里

look for food everywhere

= look for food here and there

到处找寻食物

find nothing

什么都没找到

feel hungry and disappointed

感到饥饿和失望

come out of

从……出来

come into

进入……

What’s the matter with sb.?

= What’s wrong with sb.?

某人怎么了?

both of

两者都

neither of

两者都不

all / none of

(三者或三者以上)都/都不

promise sb. (not) to do sth.

承诺某人(不)做某事

thank sb. for sth. / doing sth.

为某事感谢某人

 

词性转换

1.      poem  n.   poet  n. 诗人

2.      end  v&n.  eg. at the end of                The story ends happily.

3.      awful  adj.  awfully   adv. 

It’s awful to do sth.

4.      lazy  adj.   laziness  n.   lazily   adv.   

(lazier, the laziest)

5. silly   adj.  (S) foolish, stupid    *silliness  n.

6. at last  (S) in the end, finally

7. disappointed  adj. (sb)    I feel disappointed because …

disappointing  adj. (sth)  It is disappointing of you to …

disappoint  v.     disappointment  n.  To one’s disappointment, …

8. sadly  adv.   sad  adj.    sadness   n.

9. all the time = always

 

 

Unit 7 In the future

知识点梳理:

I 词组:

1. talk about                                                                  谈论

2. enter a new century                                                     进入一个新的世纪

3. be able to do                                                              能够做

4. live on other planets= live on another planet                  生活在其他行星上

5. I think so. / I don’t think so.                                        我(不)这么认为。

6. no water or air                                                           没有水和空气

7. enough food for everybody                                                 每个人有足够的食物

8. grow vegetables in space stations                                  在航天站里种蔬菜

9. too hot/ cold                                                              太热/

10. people in different countries                                       不同国家的人

11. speak the same language                                            说相同的语言

12. understand each other better                                       更好地相互理解

13. life in the future                                                              未来的生活

14. things that will happen in the future                                   在未来可能发生的事

15. cities under the sea                                                    海底城市

16. learn from computers at home                                    在家从电脑上学习

17. take pills for meals                                                    服药片代替吃饭

18. travel to other planets in spacecraft                             坐宇宙飞船去其他行星旅行

19. in people’s homes                                                     在人们家里

20. terrible air pollution                                                  可怕的空气污染

21. in ten years’ time                                                      十年以后

22. make a time box                                                       制作一个时间盒

23. keep sth. in a secret place                                           把…放在一个秘密的地方

24. write down sth. on pieces of paper                              在纸上写下…

25. put sth. in                                                                       把…放在…里

26. seal sth with tape                                                      用胶带封好

27. pollute the Earth                                                       污染地球

28. become a /an ________                                             成为 一名…

 

 

 

II. 词性转换:

1. enter   v.  进入       entrance   n.  入口

2. able   a.  有能力的        ability  n.   能力       enable   v.  使…能够

3. hope  n. / v. 希望        hopeful   a. 充满希望的

                         hopeless  a. 绝望的

4. pollution  n.  污染         pollute  v.  污染

5. change   n. /v  变化       changeable  a.  多变的

6. secret   n. / a. 秘密/ 秘密的           secretary  n.  秘书     secretly  adv.  秘密地

7. seal  v.  密封              sealed  adj.  封口的,密封的

8. grow  v.  生长; 种植         growth  n.  生长

9. think  v.  思考          thinker   n. 思考者;思想家

                         thought  n.  主意;想法

 

 

III 语言点

1. What do you think will happen in the future?

  What do you hope will happen in ten years’ time?

这里do you think/ do you hope 为插入语。插入语是一种独立成份,通常与句中其他成分没有语法上的关系,大多是对一句话进行附加说明或解释。常由一个词、一个短语或一个句子构成,可置于句首、句中或句末,一般用逗号或破折号与句子隔开。

用简短的句子结构做插入语,常置于句中或句末。例如:do you know, you see, I’m afraid, what’s more

 

2. I think so. I don’t think so.

  分别用于表示同意或不同意别人的意见。

  类似的用法还有:I hope so. / I hope not.

 

3. Perhaps there will not be enough food for everybody.

 (1) perhaps = possibly, maybe, probably

   这里perhaps 是对将来的一种猜测和假设,所以句子采用一般将来时。

2enough 的用法

名词放在enough的后面             e.g.  enough time; enough money

形容词、副词放在enough的前面     e.g.  good enough; carefully enough

 

4. I hope that I will become an astronaut.

  (1) hope 所引导的宾语从句,表达主语的想法或主意等。

     e.g.   I hope that there will be no wars in the future.

  (2) hope to do

     e.g.   He hopes to join the basketball team.

  3hope 还可以做名词

      e.g.   Don't give up hope, keep on trying.

 

5. Perhaps people will be able to live on other planets.

  be able to do sth. 能够做某事, 意思与can do sth.接近, be able to有时态的变化,     can是情态动词,只有过去时could

 

6. happen   v. 发生, 相当于 take place; occur

 1sth. happen to sb.  某人发生某事

     e.g.  What happened to Tom ? He looks so sad.

  (2)  sb. happen to do sth. 某人碰巧做某事

     e.g.  If you happen to see John, ask him to phone me

 

7. take pills for meals

  这里的take意思是服(药),不可以写成have pills。类似的词组还有: take medicine

 

8. We can keep the time box in a secret place.

 1)这里的keep 意思是存放

     e.g.  Mum advised me to keep the pocket money in a bank.

  (2)  keep sb./ sth. + adj.         keep  v.  保持

     e.g.  It’s necessary for us to keep fit.

  (3)  keep doing   坚持做

     e.g.  He has kept swimming in winter since he was a middle student.

 

9. Perhaps there will be no water or air on the Earth.

  (1) no = not any

     e.g.  I have no time. = I do not have any time.

  (2) 肯定句中连接成分相等用and   e.g.  She enjoys watching TV and playing tennis.

     否定句中连接成分相等用 or    e.g.  Don’t be greedy or dishonest.

 

10. travel to other planets

   travel to = visit

     e.g.  When will they travel to the UK? = When will they visit the UK?

   (2) other planets = another planet

 

11. Perhaps people will be able to grow vegetables in space stations.

   (1) grow   v. 生长    grow up

     e.g. Rice doesn’t grow in a cold climate.

        Their children have all grown up and left home now.

   (2) grow 还可以作系动词,类似的系动词还有become, turn, get, keep, stay等, 在这些    系动词后,使用形容词。

e.g. The sky grew dark and it began to rain.

 

12. After ten years, we can open the box and see how things have changed.

   宾语从句中的语序为陈述语序。

  (无需过多展开说明,只要求学生记住句子即可)

   同类型句子可参见7A Unit 2 Do you know what the SPCA is?

 

13. What do you hope will happen in ten years’ time?

   (1) in  +  一段时间   表示:(时间)以后   How soon 提问

      for +  一段时间   表示:持续(时间)   How long 提问

  2in ten years’ time = in ten-year time = in ten years

       类型结构:a three-day trip = a three days’ trip

                 five-minute walk = five minutes’ walk

 

14. Write down your hopes on pieces of paper and sign them.

   (1) sign v. 签名

   (2) sign 还可以作名词, 意思是:标记;标志

     e.g.  traffic sign; information sign

 

15. Close the box and seal it with tape.

   (1) seal  v. 密封

      seal 还可以作名词, 意思是海豹

   (2) tape  n. 胶带

      tape  还有一个意思是磁带

     e.g. Let’s listen to the tape carefully.

 

 

 

Unit 8 A more enjoyable school life

知识点梳理:

I 词组:

1.       a more enjoyable school life                  一个令人愉快的学校生活

2.       my ideal school                                                 我理想中的学校

3.       want sb. to do sth.                          想要某人做某事

4.       conduct a survey                                               安排一个调查

5.       find out                                  查明,弄清楚

6.       younger students                           低年级学生

7.       have more computer lessons                               上更多的电脑课

8.       have more activities and trips to other places        有更多的去其他地方的活动和旅游

9.       have an air-conditioned classroom                     有装了空调的教室

10.   have less homework                                           有更少的作业

11.   have a swimming pool                      有一个游泳池

12.   have more school picnics                                    学校举办更多的野餐活动

13.   have more books and magazines in the library      图书馆里有更多的书和杂志

14.   have a bigger playground                    有一个更大的操场

15.   have more display boards                    有更多的展板

16.   have more P.E. lessons                                       上更多的体育课

17.   have modern science laboratories                        有现代化的科学实验室

18.   do more experiments                                         做更多的实验

19.   organize more sports activities                                   组织更多的体育活动

20.   the future of our school                      我们学校的未来

21.   What do you think of…?= How do you like…?   你觉得怎么样?

22.   have more computer lessons                  上更多的计算机课

23.   It would be possible to do ….                 做……是可以做到的。

24.   changes of the classroom                     教室的变化

25.   look old, untidy and uninteresting                       看起来旧的,不整洁的和无趣的

26.   make some changes to …                                          对……做些改变

27.   decorate the display board ourselves                   我们自己装饰展板

28.   put up                                                              张贴;置……于明显处

29.   put up some posters on the wall themselves          他们自己在墙上张贴一些海报

30.   sweep the floor myself                                       我自己打扫地板

31.   clean up the desks herself                                          她自己清洁桌子

32.   put the books on the shelves himself                    他自己把书放到架子上

 

II. 词性转换:

1.enjoy  v.      enjoyable  adj.    enjoyment  n.  

Enjoy yourselves!

We had an enjoyable time at the party.

A large income is not necessary for the full enjoyment of life.

2. conduct v.     *conduct  n     *bus conductor

They always conduct a product test before selling the computers.

He is famous for his good conduct.

3.organize  v.      organization n.

Let’s organize a discussion on safety rules.

The SPCA is an organization which helps homeless animals.

4.possible adj.     impossible adj.     possibly adv.      *possibility n.

Is it possible to have robots in our homes in the future?

It’s impossible to live without water for three days.

I will possibly be an astronaut in 10 years’ time.

Is there any possibility that you will be back by the weekend?

5. necessary adj.     unnecessary  adj.     *necessarily adv.   *unnecessarily adv.

It is necessary that one should obey the law.

 A bicycle is unnecessary for the little boy because he has never learned to ride bicycles.

Happiness doesn't necessarily go with money.

Some parents worry unnecessarily about their children.

6. interesting adj.    uninteresting adj.     interest n./v.

 I find it interesting and healthy to go mountain climbing

When I read a book, I usually skip over the uninteresting parts

She looked about with great interest.

7. air-conditioned adj.      air-conditioner n.

Nothing's more relaxing than watching TV in my air-conditioned room.

The air-conditioner in my room does not work well.

8. cook n.     cooker n.     cookery n.

Peter works as a cook in a hotel.

She plugged in and began to cook with the cooker.

We have cookery lessons at our school.

 

III. 语言点/句型:

1. Mr Hu wants his students to conduct a survey for the school.胡老师希望他的学生能为学校做一个调查。

want sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事

   e.g. I want you to be happy.

would like 也有类似的用法

   e.g. Would you like me to lend you some money?

ask, tell, adviseteach等词后也常跟这样的结构

   e.g. Mary asked me to help her with the homework.

      The teacher told Tom to be careful.

      What do you advise me to do?

      I taught my younger brother to swim.

2. find out  查明;弄清楚(指经过探听、询问、调查之后才发现)

    e.g. Please find out the answer to the question.

  find  发现;找到(强调找到的结果)

e.g. I can’t find my pen.

  look for 寻找(强调找的过程或动作)

e.g. What are you looking for?

3. What changes would you like to see in our school? 你想在我们学校看到什么变化?

  I’d like to do …  我想要做……

  6A——7B中,多次出现would like sth.would like to do sth.

  Would you like …? 可用来给出提议

e.g. --Would you like some coffee?  --Yes, please.

    --Would you like a chocolate?  -- No, thanks.

  Would you like to…? 可用来向别人发出邀请

     e.g. –Would you like to have dinner with us on Sunday?

        -- Yes, I ‘d like/ love to.

4. I’d like to have less homework. 我希望作业减少一些

  less little 的比较级,修饰不可数名词homework

  修饰可数名词则用few/ fewer

  *形容词或者副词比较级最高级的不规则变化

   good/ well—better—best

   many/ much—more—most

   little—less—least

   ill/ bad/ badly—worse—worst

   far —farther—farthest

--further—furthest

   old -- olderoldest

      --elder--eldest

 

5. It would be possible to have more books in our library. 丰富我们校图书馆的藏书是可以做到的

It would be possible/ impossible/ necessary/ unnecessary/ nice/ difficult to do…

  “It would be +adj. +to do sth.”与“It is + adj. + to do sth.”表达的含义接近,但有所区别

e.g. It is nice to eat ice cream in summer. 夏天吃冰激凌很不错(表达的是经常性发商德的动作,是广泛的爱好)

   It would be nice to have a swimming pool in our school. 要是我们学校有一游泳池多好(表达的内容与现状相反,有假设的成分)

6. What do you think of …?                             你觉得怎么样?

  *How do you like…?

     e.g. What do you think of the show? =How do you like the show?              

7. Our classroom looks old, untidy and uninteresting. 我们的教室看起来又旧又不整洁,缺乏生气

  look+adj. 系动词+形容词

  所学系动词有look(看上去), sound(听起来), taste(尝起来), smell(闻起来), feel(感觉起来), become(变得), turn(变得), get(变得)

     e.g.  It sounded very interesting.

         The wind becomes stronger and stronger.

8. Can you make some changes to it yourselves? 你们自己能做一些改变吗?

  -self-selves结尾的代词称为反身代词,使用时应于主语相呼应。

主格

I

you

he

she

it

单数

myself

yourself

himself

herself

itself

复数

ourselves

yourselves

themselves

  反身代词的用法:

1)  作动词或介词的宾语,常用于enjoy, teach, buy, introduce等动词和by, for, to, of等介词后。

e.g. He is teaching himself English.

   We enjoyed ourselves last night.

   She lives in the country by himself.

  2) 作主语的同位语,加强语气,意为“亲自;本身;本人”

     e.g. Did you make the cake yourself?

         The work itself is easy.

  *3) 作表语,常位于be, feel, look, seem等系动词后,表身体或精神状态。

     e.g. I’m not myself today. 我今天不舒服

        I am feeling my self again.  我觉得身体舒服了

  *4) 用于简短会话或固定用法中

     e.g. Help yourself! 请随便吃吧!/ 请自己去取吧!

         Make yourself at home! 别客气!

         Don’t upset yourself! 别自寻烦恼!

         Make yourself heard/ understood. 使你自己被别人听到/理解。

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